Faculty & Staff at TUC

Andrea Taylor

Andrea Taylor

College: COM

Department: Basic Sciences

Title: Professor

Phone: (707) 638-5305

E-Mail: ataylor11@touro.edu

Office: Administration & Faculty 1, Rm. 129

Dr. Andrea B. Taylor is currently Professor in the College of Osteopathic Medicine at Touro University and a Research Affiliate of the Human Evolution Research Center at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Taylor completed her Ph.D. at the University of Pittsburgh and her undergraduate studies at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Taylor is an award-winning teacher and scholar.  She served on the faculty of the Duke University School of Medicine from 2000-2016, where she directed educational programs in the anatomical sciences for the Doctor of Physical Therapy and Physician Assistant Programs and received the 2010 School of Medicine Master Clinician/Teacher award. Her research interests lie in comparative morphology and biomechanics, focusing largely on feeding-system design and performance. She has actively collaborated with researchers in experimental biology and muscle physiology as well as orthopedic surgeons and radiologists.  She is internationally recognized for her research linking jaw-muscle architecture and fiber phenotype with feeding performance.  She has been invited to speak nationally and internationally at numerous conferences and workshops and her work has been funded by the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health. She has trained and mentored numerous women in STEM and has been actively involved in improving mentoring for women and underrepresented minorities.  As a member of the Duke University Task force charged with articulating a vision for a diverse and inclusive university, Dr. Taylor drafted the recommendations for best practices for mentoring women and underrepresented minorities and was instrumental in forming the Duke Faculty Woman's Network and Caucus. Since 2012, Dr. Taylor has served on the Committee on Diversity in her national association, the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA).  In 2014, she received an Elsevier Foundation New Scholars Program grant to support mentoring and networking for early career women scientists and she is the co-founder of the AAPA Committee on Diversity Women's Initiative. Dr. Taylor travels throughout the US and internationally delivering professional development workshops to women in STEM. She has held numerous leadership positions and is currently on the Scientific Affairs Committee of the American Association of Anatomists. She reviews for numerous journals and granting agencies, has served on multiple National Science Foundation review panels, and is Associate Editor for the American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

Institution                                       Degree             Completion            Field of Study

University of California, Berkeley        BA                         1983                       Anthropology

Northwestern University                     MA                         1986                       Anthropology

University of Pittsburgh                     PhD                        1992                       Physical Anthropology


MEDC-602-FOM, Course Director (with Dr. Mark Teaford)
MEDC-602-FOM, anatomy module director
MEDC-622-IS-CVRR, faculty
MEDC-642-IS-GERD, faculty


Body and Brain I, DPT Program, Course Director and instructor
Body and Brain II, DPT Program, co-Course Director and instructor
Physician Assistant Anatomy, Course Director                                                                                                      
Concepts in Evolutionary Anthropology, Instructor                                                                                               
Evidence-Based Practice, DPT Program, Instructor
Teaching/Learning Elective, DPT Program, Course Director and instructor
Arthrological & Pathological Movement Science I, DPT Program, Course Director and instructor
Professional Development Seminar, DPT Program, Instructor
First-year Graduate Tutorial in Biological Anthropology, Instructor
Human Clinical Anatomy, DPT Program, Course Director and instructor
Palpation, DPT Program, Course Director and instructor                                                                  


Spine Intervention Society Research Grant Application (2016-2017)
Establishing the pathways of the medial thoracic dorsal rami:  A pilot study to define the course of the medial branch nerves as a prerequisite to diagnose and treat zygapophyseal joint pain at the T4-T8 levels ($51,256; PI: A Joshi PI; Co-PI A Taylor; Collaborators:  T Amrhein, M Holmes, and J Talsma)

Duke Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Research Internal Funding  (2016-2017)
An anatomic and radiologic study to define the source and the course of the articular branches to the thoracic zygapophysial joints ($17,400; PI: A Joshi; Co-PI: A Taylor; Collaborators:  T Amrhein and M Holmes)

National Science Foundation  (2016-2019)
Function and evolution of jaw-muscle fiber type in primates ($258,855; PI:  A Taylor; Co-PI: C Wall)

Duke University Provost’s Intellectual Community Planning Grant (2015-2016)
Physical Biology of Organisms  ($4750; PI:  S. Patek)

Duke University Core Voucher Grant  (2015-2016)
Identification of contractile and metabolic proteins in primate jaw muscles ($7260; PI: A Taylor; Co-PI:  C Wall)

Duke Arts & Sciences Council Research Grant  (2015-2016)
Identification of contractile and metabolic proteins in primate jaw muscles ($4000; PI:  C Wall; Co-PI:  A Taylor)

National Science Foundation (2015-2018)
Collaborative Research:  Evolution and biomechanics of mandibular form in Australopithecus anamensis and A. afarensis (BCS 1515165; $319,519; Co-PIs:  WH Kimbel, C Robinson, CF Ross, A Taylor, CV Ward)

Elsevier New Scholars Program  (2015-2017)
Action through organization:  supporting mentoring and networking for early career women through the Physical Anthropologists Women’s Initiative ($48,000; Co-PIs:  A Taylor and R Bernstein)

Duke University School of Medicine Core Facility Voucher Program (2012-2013)
The role of exercise rehabilitation regimens on muscle muscle performance in mice with Pompe disease (GAA-KO mice) treated with an adeno-associated (AAV) vector ($1000; Co-PIs:  A Taylor and L Case).

National Science Foundation (2010-2015)
Collaborative Research:  Integrative analysis of the scaling of primate feeding systems (BCS 0962677; $377,582; Co-PIs:  CF Ross, A Taylor, J Perry)

National Institutes of Healh (2009-2010)
Effect of exercise on improving strength and function in a Pompe mouse model (GAA-KO) receiving enzyme replacement therapy (R24 HD050837, UCSD National Skeletal Muscle Research Center; $25,000; Co-PIs:  L Case and A Taylor)                                   

National Science Foundation Research Experience for Undergraduates  (2008-2010)
Jaw-muscle fiber architecture and skull form in primates (BCS 0833394; $3000; PI: A Taylor; Co-PI F Anapol)

LSB Leakey Foundation (2007-2008)
Linking feeding ecology and craniodental morphology in wild orangutans: a quantitative approach ($20,700; Co-PIs: E Vogel, A Taylor and S Wich)

National Science Foundation Research Experience for Undergraduates (2006-2010)
Jaw-muscle fiber architecture and skull form in primates (BCS 0635649; $4,500;PI: A Taylor; Co-PI: F Anapol)

National Science Foundation (2006-2009)
Jaw-muscle biomechanics in primates (BCS 0552285; $199,996; C Vinyard, PI; A Taylor: Collaborator)

National Institutes of Health (2006-2007)
An in vitro study of jaw-muscle fiber architecture and temporomandibular joint angle-muscle excursion (R24 HD050837, UCSD National Skeletal Muscle Research Center; $25,000; PI: A Taylor, Co-PI: CJ Vinyard)

National Science Foundation (2005-2010)
Jaw-muscle fiber architecture and skull form in primates (BCS 0452160; $42,648; PI: A Taylor, Co-PI: F Anapol)

LSB Leakey Foundation  (2003-2004)
Ecogeographic correlates of craniomandibular variation in Pongo ($6428; PI: A Taylor)

LSB Leakey Foundation (1998-1999)
Ontogeny and function of maxillomandibular form in the African apes ($6246; PI: A Taylor)

Selected Peer-Reviewed Publications

Wall CE, Holmes M, Soderblom E, Taylor AB.  2018.  Immunohistochemistry and proteomics identify the expression of alpha-cardiac myosin heavy chain in the jaw-closing muscles of sooty mangabeys (order Primates).  Archives of Oral Biology 91, 103-108.

Taylor AB, Terhune CE, Toler M, Holmes M, Hylander WL, Ross CF, Vinyard CJ. 2018.  The hard-object feeding sooty mangabey does not have jaw-muscle fiber architecture or leverage that facilitates relatively large bite forces compared to other papionins.  Anatomical Record.  Special Issue:  Behavioral adaptations in muscle functional morphology, 301, 325-242

Turner T, Bernstein R,  Taylor AB, 2018.  Participation, representation and shared experiences of women scholars in biological anthropology.  Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 165(S650, 126-157).

Huq E, Taylor AB, Wall CE. Fiber type composition of epaxial muscles is geared toward facilitating rapid spinal extension in the leaper, Galago senegalensis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 166, 95-106.

Iriarte-Diaz J, Terhune CE, Taylor AB, Ross CF.  Functional correlates of the position of the axis of rotation of the mandible during chewing in nonhuman primates.  Zoology, 124, 106-118.

Panagiotopoulou O, Iriarte-Diaz J, Wilshin S, Dechow PC, Taylor AB, Abraha HM, Aljunid SF, Ross CF. In vivo bone strain and finite element modeling of a rhesus macaque mandible during mastication.  Zoology, 124, 13-29.

Taylor, A.  Skull morphology, primate.  2018.  In: The International Encyclopedia of Biological Anthropology, Trevathan W (ed.).  John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Ross, CF, Iriarte-Diaz, J, Platts E, Walsh T, Heins L, Gerstner GE, Taylor AB.  Scaling of rotational inertia of primate mandibles.  Journal of Human Evolution 106:119-132, 2017.

Ross CF, Iriarte-Diaz J, Reed DA, Stewart TA, Taylor ABIn vivo bone strain in the mandibular corpus of Sapajus during different oral processing behaviors. Journal of Human Evolution 98:36-65, 2016.

Coiner-Collier S, Scott RS, Chalk J, Cheyne SM, Constantino P, Dominy NJ, Elgart AA, Glowacka H, Lioyola LC, Ossi-Lupo K, Raguet-Schofield M, Talebi MG, Sala EA, Sieradzy P, Taylor AB, Vinyard CJ, Wright BW, Yamashiuta N, Lucas PW, Vogel ER, 2016. Primate dietary ecology in the context of food mechanical properties. Journal of Human Evolution, 98:103-118, 2016.

Antón SC, Taboada H, Middleton ER, Rainwater CW, Taylor AB, Turner TR, Turnquist JE, Weinstein KJ, Williams SA, 2016. Morphological variation in Homo erectus and the origins of developmental plasticity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371: 20150236, 2016. (DOI: 1098/rstb.2015.0236).

Taylor AB, Yuan T, Ross C, Vinyard CJ.  Jaw-muscle force and excursion scale with negative allometry in platyrrhine primates.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 158: 242-256, 2015.

Huq E, Wall CE, Taylor AB. Comparative fiber architecture of epaxial muscle in strepsirrhine primate species.  Journal of Anatomy, 227:524-540, 2015. 

Terhune CE, Hylander WL, Vinyard CJ, Taylor AB.  Jaw-muscle architecture and mandibular morphology influence relative maximum jaw gapes in the sexually dimorphic Macaca fascicularisJournal of Human Evolution, 82:145-158, 2015.

Goode AP, Reiman MP, Harris L, DeLisa L, Kauffman A, Beltramo D, Ledbetter L, and Taylor AB.  Eccentric training for prevention of hamstring injuries may depend on intervention compliance:  a systematic review and meta-analysis.  British Journal of Sports Medicine. 49:349-356, 2015.

Rabey KN, Green DH, Taylor AB, Begun DR, Richmond BG, and McFarlin SC.  Locomotor activity influences muscle and bone growth but not muscle attachment site morphology.  Journal of Human Evolution,78:91-102, 2014.

Vogel E.R., Zulfa, A., Hardus, M.E., Wich, S.A., Dominy, N.J., Taylor, A.B.  Food mechanical properties, feeding ecology, and mandibular morphology of wild orangutans.  Journal of Human Evolution, 75:110-124, 2014.

Taylor AB and Vinyard C.J.  The relationships among jaw-muscle fiber architecture, jaw morphology and feeding behavior in extant apes and modern humans.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 151:120-134, 2013.

Daegling D, Judex S, Ozcivici E, Ravosa M, Taylor AB, Grine F, Teaford M, and Ungar P. Feeding mechanics, diet and dietary adaptations in early hominins.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 151:356-371, 2013.

Chen Y, Williams SH, McNulty AL, Hong JH, Lee SH, Rothfusz NE, Parekh PK, Moore C, Gereau R, Taylor AB, Wang F, Guilak F, and Liedtke W.  Temporomandibular joint pain:  a  critical role for Trpv4 in the trigeminal ganglion.  Pain, 154:1295-1304, 2013.

Terhune CE, Iriarte-Diaz J, Taylor AB, and Ross CF. The instantaneous center of rotation of the mandible in non-human primates.  Integrative and Comparative Biology 51:320-332, 2011.

Vinyard CJ and Taylor AB.  A preliminary analysis of the relationship between jaw-muscle architecture and jaw-muscle electromyography during chewing across primates.  The Anatomical Record:  Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology.  In: Organ J, Wang Q, guest editors.  Special Issue:  From Head to Tail:  New Models and Approaches in Primate Functional Anatomy and Biomechanics, 293:572-582, 2010.

Taylor AB, Eng, CM, Anapol F, and Vinyard CJ.  The functional correlates of jaw-muscle fiber architecture in tree-gouging and nongouging callitrichid monkeys.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 139:353-367, 2009.

Organ JM, Teaford MF, and Taylor AB.  Functional correlates of fiber architecture of the lateral caudal musculature in prehensile and nonprehensile tails of the Platyrrhini (Primates) and Procyonidae (Carnivora).  Anatomical Record Part A:  Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology 292:827-841, 2009.

Taylor AB, and Vinyard CJ.  Jaw-muscle fiber architecture in tufted capuchins favors generating relatively large muscle forces without compromising jaw gape.  Journal of Human Evolution 57:710-720, 2009.

CM, Ward SR, Vinyard CJ, and Taylor AB.  The mechanics of the masticatory apparatus facilitate muscle force production at wide jaw gapes in tree-gouging common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus).  Journal of Experimental Biology 212:4040-4055, 2009.

Taylor AB and van Schaik CP.  Variation in brain size and ecology in PongoJournal of Human Evolution 52:59-71, 2007.


Research Affiliate
Human Evolution Research Center
University of California, Berkeley

2014    Pi Alpha National Honor Society

2013    AAPA, Service Award

2013    Triangle Scholar Award, National Evolutionary Synthesis Center

2013    Nominee, Research Mentoring Award, Duke University School of Medicine

2010    Selected, The Mid-Career Women Faculty Professional Development Seminar, AAMC

2010    Master Clinician/Teacher Award, Duke University School of Medicine

1990    Andrew Mellon Foundation Predoctoral Fellowship, University of Pittsburgh

1988, 1989    Graduate Research Assistantship award, University of Pittsburgh

Last Updated: 11/29/21