Faculty & Staff at TUC

Michael Barbour

Michael Barbour

College: College of Education and Health Sciences

Department: Deans Office

Title: Associate Professor (Instructional Design)

Phone: (707) 638-5952

E-Mail: mbarbour@touro.edu

Office: Wilderman Hall, Rm. 205

Website: https://www.michaelbarbour.com

Michael K. Barbour, Ph.D. is Associate Professor of Instructional Design for the College of Education and Health Sciences at Touro University California. He has been involved with K-12 distance, online, and blended learning for over two decades as a researcher, evaluator, teacher, course designer, and administrator. Michael’s research has focused on the effective design, delivery, and support of K-12 distance, online, and blended learning, particularly for students located in rural jurisdictions. This focus includes how regulation, governance, and policy can impact effective distance, online, and blended learning environments. His background and expertise has resulted in invitations to testify before House and Senate committees in several states, as well as consulting for Ministries of Education across Canada and in New Zealand.

Last updated - 07 April 2020

St. Francis Xavier University - Antigonish, NS

  • Undergraduate Certificate, Adult Education (2009)

University of Georgia - Athens, GA

  • Ph.D., Instructional Technology (2007)
  • Graduate Certificate, Interdisciplinary Qualitative Studies (2007)
  • Graduate Certificate, University Teaching (2007)

Memorial University - St. John’s, NL

  • M.Ed., Teaching and Learning - Literacy and Technology (2002)
  • B.Ed., Intermediate and Secondary - Social Studies (1998)

Université de Québec à Trois Riviéres -Trois Riviéres, QC

  • French Immersion Program (1999)

Carleton University - Ottawa, ON 

  • B.A. (Hons), Political Science / minor in History (1996)
For more information about my teaching experience and background (including my teaching philosophy), please visit https://www.michaelbarbour.com/teaching.htm

For more information about my teaching at Touro University California , please visit https://www.michaelbarbour.com/teaching/tuc.htm
For more information about my research experience and background, please visit https://www.michaelbarbour.com/research.htm

Note that I post all of my scholarship on the following outlets:

Santiago, L., Hersey, P., Haymes, L., & Barbour, M. K. (2019). Touro University California: US PREP Coalition application and proposal. University-School Partnerships for the Renewal of Educator Preparation (US PREP) National Center, $300,000/3 years. (Contribution 10%)

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2019). State of the nation study: K-12 e-learning in Canada. Multiple sponsors through Canadian E-Learning Network, $8,500. (Contribution 90%)

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2018). State of the nation study: K-12 e-learning in Canada. Multiple sponsors through Canadian E-Learning Network, $7,000. (Contribution 90%)

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2017). State of the nation study: K-12 e-learning in Canada. Multiple sponsors through Canadian E-Learning Network, $7,000. (Contribution 90%)

Barbour, M. K., Miron, G., & Huerta, L. (2016). Virtual schools in the US: Case studies of policy, performance & research evidence. Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute, Michigan Virtual University, $3,000. (Contribution 50%)

Barbour, M. K. (2016). State of the nation study: K-12 e-learning in Canada and union contracts. British Columbia Teachers’ Federation, $500.

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2016). State of the nation study: K-12 e-learning in Canada. Multiple sponsors through Canadian E-Learning Network, $7,500. (Contribution 90%)

LaBonte, R., Tehami, A., Barbour, M. K., & Canuel, M. (2016) Étude de parité de services en FAD (Alberta). Le Centre francophone d’éducation à distance (CFÉD), $15,000. (Contribution 40%)

A selection of my publications since joining Touro University California. 

* peer reviewed

** invited

Journal Articles

 

* Barbour, M. K., & Siko, J. P. (2020). An investigation of the development of an urban e-learning cluster. Journal of Open, Flexible, and Distance Learning, 23(2). Retrieved from http://www.jofdl.nz/index.php/JOFDL/article/view/375 (Contribution 60%)

* Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2019). Sense of irony or perfect timing: Examining the research supporting proposed e-learning changes in Ontario. International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education, 34(2). Retrieved from http://www.ijede.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/1137 (Contribution 80%)

* Hu, M., Arnesen, K., Barbour, M. K., & Leary, H. (2019). An analysis of the Journal of Online Learning Research, 2015-2018. Journal of Online Learning Research, 5(2), 123-144. Retrieved from https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/195231/ (Contribution 20%)

* Barbour, M. K., Siko, J., Beadle, M., & Bitgood, G. (2019). Schism or communion? A discussion of the morality of online learning through a Christian/Catholic lens. Journal of Catholic Education, 22(1), 249-276. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.lmu.edu/ce/vol22/iss1/29/ (Contribution 50%)

* Barbour, M. K., Clark, T., Siko, J. P., DeBruler, K., Bruno, J. A., Wilson, E. V. (2019). Evaluation and approval constructs for online and blended courses and providers: Examining individual cases. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 22(1). Retrieved from https://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/spring221/barbour_clark_siko_debruler_bruno221.html (Contribution 30%)

* Arnesen, K. T., Hveem, J., Short, C. R., West, R., & Barbour, M. K. (2019). K-12 online learning journal articles: Trends from two decades of scholarship. Distance Education, 40(1), 32-53. (Contribution 20%)

* Adelstein, D. & Barbour, M. (2018). Redesigning The iNACOL Standards For K-12 Online Course Design. Journal of Online Learning Research, 4(3), 233-261. Retrieved from https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/178229/ (Contribution 35%)

* Borup, J., Stevens, M., & Barbour, M. K. (2018). Preparing social studies teachers and librarians for blended teaching. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 18(4). Retrieved from https://www.citejournal.org/volume-18/issue-4-18/social-studies/preparing-social-studies-teachers-and-librarians-for-blended-teaching/ (Contribution 20%)

* Tolosa, C., East, M., Barbour, M., & Owen, H. (2017). CoOL or not CoOL? Learning an Asian language online in the context of communities of online learning. The New Zealand Language Teacher, 43, 51-62. (Contribution 10%)

* Conard, M. A., Barbour, M. K., & Marsh, R. F. (2017). Exploring how distracted college students really are. i-manager’s Journal of Educational Psychology, 10(4), 1-11. (Contribution 33%)

* Adelstein, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2017). Improving the K-12 online course design review process: Experts weigh in on iNACOL National Standards for Quality Online Courses. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 18(3). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/2800(Contribution 35%)

* Barbour, M. K., Quinn Grzebyk, T., Grant, M. G., & Siko, J. P. (2017). The challenges of integrating mobile technology in the classroom: Examining an iPad professional development project. i-manager’s Journal on School Educational Technology, 12(3), 22-33. (Contribution 40%)

Adelstein, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2016). Redesigning design: Streamlining K-12 online course creation. MACUL Journal, 37(1), 20-21. (Contribution 20%)

* Adelstein, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2016). Redesigning design: Field testing a revised design rubric based of iNACOL quality course standards. International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education, 31(2). Retrieved from http://www.ijede.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/976 (Contribution 30%)

* Barbour, M. K., & Unger-Harrison, K. (2016). Teachers’ perceptions of K-12 online: Impacting the design of a graduate course curriculum. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 45(1), 74-92. (Contribution 60%)

* Siko, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2016). Building a better mousetrap: How design-based research was used to improve homemade PowerPoint games. TechTrends, 60(5), 419–424. (Contribution 20%)

* Barbour, M. K., Clark, T., DeBruler, K., & Bruno, J. A. (2016). Evaluation and approval constructs for online and blended courses and providers: A national overview. Journal of Applied Educational and Policy Research, 2(1), 32-47. Retrieved from https://journals.uncc.edu/jaepr/article/view/469 (Contribution 40%)

Chapters in Books

Barbour, M. K. (2019). The landscape of K-12 online learning: Examining the state of the field. In M. G. Moore & W. C. Diehl (Eds.), Handbook of distance education (4th ed.) (pp. 521-542). New York: Routledge.

Barbour, M. K. (2018). A history of K-12 distance, online, and blended learning worldwide. In R. Ferdig & K. Kennedy (Eds.), Handbook of Research on K-12 Online and Blended Learning (2nd ed., pp. 21-40). Pittsburgh, PA: Entertainment Technology Center Press, Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved from http://repository.cmu.edu/etcpress/82/

Barbour, M. K. (2018). Part VIII. K-12 online learning around the world – Introduction. In R. Ferdig & K. Kennedy (Eds.), Handbook of Research on K-12 Online and Blended Learning (2nd ed., pp. 595-600). Pittsburgh, PA: Entertainment Technology Center Press, Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved from http://repository.cmu.edu/etcpress/82/

LaBonte, R., & Barbour, M. K. (2018). An overview of elearning organizations and practices in Canada. In R. Ferdig & K. Kennedy (Eds.), Handbook of Research on K-12 Online and Blended Learning (2nd ed., 601-616). Pittsburgh, PA: Entertainment Technology Center Press, Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved from http://repository.cmu.edu/etcpress/82/ (Contribution 40%)

Powell, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2018). A case study of e-learning initiatives in Singapore’s secondary schools. In R. Ferdig & K. Kennedy (Eds.), Handbook of Research on K-12 Online and Blended Learning (2nd ed., pp. 631-648). Pittsburgh, PA: Entertainment Technology Center Press, Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved from http://repository.cmu.edu/etcpress/82/ (Contribution 25%)

** Barbour, M. K., Adelstein, D., & Morrison, J. (2018). Still forgotten teachers in K-12 online learning: Examining the perceptions of teachers who develop K-12 online courses. In R. C. Sharma (Ed.), Innovative Applications of Online Pedagogy and Course Design (pp. 88-107). Hershey, PA: IGI-Global. (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K. (2017). The state of K-12 online learning. In J. G. Cibulka & B. S. Cooper (Eds.), Technology in the Classroom: Can It Improve Teaching and Student Learning in American Schools? (pp. 37-51). Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Education. 

Barbour, M. K. (2017). K-12 online learning and school choice: Growth and expansion in the absence of evidence. In R. A. Fox & N. K. Buchanan (Eds.), School Choice: A Handbook for Researchers, Practitioners, Policy-Makers and Journalists (pp. 421-440). New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd..

Barbour, M. K. (2016). Virtual education: Not yet ready for prime time? In W. J. Mathis & T. Trujillo (Eds.), The Test-Based Education Reforms: Lessons from a Failed Agenda (pp. 407-429). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Published Conference Proceedings

Adelstein, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2018). Examining the validity of the iNACOL standards: Improving K-12 online course design. In E. Langran & J. Borup (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 641-657). Washington, DC: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 30%)

Arnesen, K. T., Hveem, J., Short, C. R., West, R., & Barbour, M. K. (2018). K-12 online learning: Trends from two decades of scholarship. In E. Langran & J. Borup (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 658-666). Washington, DC: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 20%)

Barbour, M. K., & Clark, T. (2018). Cases of quality: Case studies of the approval and evaluation of K-12 online and blended providers. In E. Langran & J. Borup (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 667-671). Washington, DC: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 60%)

Barbour, M. K., Huerta, L., & Miron, G. (2018). Virtual schools in the US: Case studies of policy, performance and research evidence. In E. Langran & J. Borup (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 672-677). Washington, DC: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 40%)

Ferdig, R., Archambault, L., Rice, K., Niess, M., Litz, T., Garrett-Dikkers, A., Whiteside, A., Barbour, M., Marcovitz, D. & Davis, A. (2017). SITE joint SIG symposia: A collaboration between the K-12 online learning SIG and distance learning SIG: How higher education and K-12 online learning research can impact each other. In P. Resta & S. Smith (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2017 (pp. 635-639). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 10%)

Jackson, B., Barbour, M., Parks, R. & Kennedy, K. (2017). K12 online and blended learning: Current research and challenges into implementation and teacher education. In P. Resta & S. Smith (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2017 (pp. 1634-1637). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 25%)

Reviews

** Barbour, M. K. (2018). Review of: Veletsianos, G. (Ed.) (2016). Emergence and Innovation in Digital Learning: Foundations and Applications. Edmonton, AB: AU Press, Athabasca University. TechTrends, 62(3), 303-304.

Technical Reports

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2019). L’état de l’apprentissage électronique de la maternelle à la 12e année au Canada. Half Moon Bay, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from https://k12sotn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/StateNation19_fr.pdf (Contribution 70%)

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2019). State of the nation study: K-12 e-learning in Canada. Half Moon Bay, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from https://k12sotn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/StateNation19.pdf (Contribution 70%)

Barbour, M. K. (2019). E-Learning class size. Half Moon Bay, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from https://k12sotn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/e-learning-class-size.pdf

Molnar, A., Miron, G., Elgeberi, N., Barbour, M. K., Huerta, L., Shafer, S. R., Rice, J. K. (2019). Virtual schools in the U.S. 2019. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved from https://nepc.colorado.edu/publication/virtual-schools-annual-2019 (Contribution 33%)

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2018). L’état de l’apprentissage électronique de la maternelle à la 12e année au Canada. Half Moon Bay, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from https://k12sotn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/StateNation18_fr.pdf (Contribution 70%)

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2018). State of the nation study: K-12 e-learning in Canada. Half Moon Bay, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from http://k12sotn.ca (Contribution 70%)

Barbour, M. K., Mann, B., & Melchoir, S. (2018). CASTLE Brief No. 2 – A virtual shortfall: How full-time online learning models are not living up to the promise. Denver, CO: University Council for Educational Administration’s Center for the Advanced Study of Technology Leadership in Education (CASTLE), University of Kentucky/University of Colorado Denver. Retrieved from https://static1.squarespace.com/static/528fd1d3e4b023ca755e1561/t/5c51dfe340ec9aeb41f03940/1548869604563/2018+-+CASTLE+Brief+02+-+Barbour+Mann+Melchior.pdf (Contribution 40%)

Barbour, M. K. (2018). Funding and resourcing of distributed learning in Canada. Half Moon Bay, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from http://k12sotn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/DL-Funding.pdf

Barbour, M. K. (2018). Lessons for K-12 distance, online and blended learning from research in higher education. Lansing, MI: Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute at Michigan Virtual University. Retrieved from https://mvlri.org/research/publications/examining-online-research-in-higher-education-what-can-we-replicate-in-k-12/

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2017). L’état de l’apprentissage électronique de la maternelle à la 12e année au Canada. Cobble Hill, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from https://k12sotn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/StateNation17_fr.pdf (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2017). State of the nation study: K-12 e-learning in Canada. Cobble Hill, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from http://k12sotn.ca (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K. (2017). Working conditions for K-12 distance & online learning teachers in Canada. Cobble Hill, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from http://k12sotn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/DL-Contract-Language.pdf

Barbour, M. K., Miron, G., & Huerta, L. (2017). Virtual schools in the U.S.: Case studies of policy, performance, and research evidence. Lansing, MI: Michigan Virtual University. Retrieved from https://mvlri.org/research/publications/vscase-17/ (Contribution 33%)

Molnar, A., Miron, G., Gulosino, C., Shank, C., Davidson, C., Barbour, M. K., Huerta, L., Shafter, S. R., Rice, J. K., & Nitkin, D. (2017). Virtual schools in the U.S. 2017. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved from http://nepc.colorado.edu/publication/virtual-schoolsannual-2017 (Contribution 33%)

Canadian E-Learning Network. (2017). Une étude de parité ou d’équité des services d’enseignement à distance offerts par le Centre D’Éducation À Distance Francophone. Cobble Hill, BC: Author. (Contribution 10%)

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2016). State of the nation study: K-12 e-learning in Canada. Cobble Hill, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from http://k12sotn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/StateNation16.pdf (Contribution 80%)

Touro University California

  • Associate Professor (2016 – present)
  • Fellow, Center for Innovative Learning and Teaching, Touro University California (2018 – present)
Sacred Heart University
  • Director of Doctoral Studies (2013–2016) 
  • Assistant Professor, Educational Leadership (2013–2016)  

EASTCONN

  • Connecticut Administrator Test Exam Reader  (2013)

Boise State University

  • Adjunct Professor, Educational Technology (2011–present)

Educational Testing Service

  • AP Exam Reader, European History  (2006–present)

Wayne State University

  • Coordinator – Graduate Certificate in Online Teaching, Wayne State University (2010-2013) 
  • Assistant Professor, Instructional Technology (2007-2013)
Last Updated: 11/29/21