Five Types of Diabetes: Will New Classification Make Management Easier?

by Drs. Jay Shubrook and Sumera Ahmed

Jay H. Shubrook, DO: Today, Dr Sumera Ahmed joins us. Dr Ahmed is an internist and diabetologist who is a new faculty member at Touro University California. Dr Ahmed, I want to talk a bit about types of diabetes. I believe that people think of type 1 and type 2, but there are actually several more types of diabetes. Could you tell the audience how you see the general groups of diabetes?

Sumera Ahmed, MD: The common, very broad classifications we traditionally think of are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. As we all know, type 1 diabetes is usually characterized by autoimmunity and absolute insulin deficiency. Patients with type 1 diabetes are insulin dependent and very insulin sensitive. They characteristically have a low body mass index (BMI) and are very carbohydrate sensitive.

Watch the new installment of Everyday Diabetes: Practical Management for Primary Care, here.