We asked poster author Vivian Partida, MPH OMS IV, to explain the research behind the poster and its significance to medical education today.
Partida: This study explored medical student attitudes toward the importance of LGBTQ health in medical education, comfort conducting a sexual-history with LGBTQ patients, and awareness of LGBTQ health related issues. First and second year students at Touro University California’s College of Osteopathic Medicine (TUCOM) completed online surveys at the beginning and end of the 2016-2017 academic year to evaluate baseline responses and the impact of interventions consisting of both curricular activities and student-led events on changes in student attitudes and awareness surrounding LGBTQ health-related education and outcomes.
What are the unique medical needs for this diverse community?
Partida: In an unprecedented 2013 review on LGBT health, The World Health Organization reported that “LGBT people often experience poorer health outcomes than the general population and face barriers to health care that profoundly affect their overall health and well-being”, noting that a lack of curricula in medical education programs is one significant factor in ongoing health disparities faced by this patient demographic. In fact, a 2011 report by the LGBT Medical Education Research Group at Stanford University School of Medicine found that medical schools in Canada and the United States teach a median of 5 hours of LGBTQ-related educational content in their required curricula. In light of this dearth of LGBTQ-focused curriculum, it is no surprise that come graduation, many medical students report that they do not feel comfortable enough or adequately prepared to provide care for LGBTQ patients. When evaluated further, osteopathic medical students have been found to feel less prepared and more uncomfortable caring for LGBT patients than allopathic medical students.
Studies have shown that pre-clerkship interventions can positively impact medical
student knowledge and attitudes about LGBT persons, including increased awareness
that sexual identity and practices are clinically relevant. Research has also shown
that when medical students have greater exposure to LGBT health-related issues, their
increased knowledge of the unique health concerns of this patient population might
be translated into better patient care.
For the past eight years, the College of Osteopathic Medicine at Touro University, California (TUCOM) has been working with Professional Gynecological and Male Urological Teaching Associates (GTA’s/MUTA’s) to provide comprehensive sexual health education to medical students via a curriculum entitled Project Prepare. Ensuring that students are introduced to some of the unique needs of LGBTQ patients early on in the first two years of their pre-clerkship training. Reflecting the Osteopathic philosophy that clinical care be rooted in the physician’s understanding of the mental, spiritual and social determinants of patient health.
What did your research discover about medical student attitudes and awareness about medical care for LGBTQ patients?
Partida: Both first and second-year student reported a significant change in self-reported awareness about the risk disparities faced by LGBTQ people. First-year students reported increased awareness about the increased risk for interpersonal violence (p=0.005) and chronic disease (p <0.001). While second-year students reported increased awareness of barriers to accessing care (p=0.031), STI’s (excluding HIV) (p=0.011), Disorders of Sex Development/Intersex (p < 0.001), and the increased risk for interpersonal violence (p=0.026) faced by LGBTQ individuals. There was a significant increase in the number of second-year students who reported learning how to ask about same-sex relationships (p=0.001), as well as the difference between sexual identity and behavior (p<0.001) when conducting a sexual health history with LGBTQ patients. Second-year students reported that both RHC events (p=0.032), and TUCOM curricula (eg. Project Prepare) (p <0.001) had the greatest impact on their knowledge about the life experiences of LGBTQ people during their time at TUCOM. No significant difference was found in student attitudes towards the importance of LGBTQ specific health issues in medical education, or comfort with conducting a sexual-health history.
What are your recommendations for improving the LGBTQ level of care?
Partida: Our results support the efficacy of curricular interventions in preparing students to provide comprehensive care for LGBTQ patients through increased awareness of the unique health needs of this community. This study brings to light the significant impact that student-led events can play in helping to train students to provide culturally competent care for LGBTQ patients. Further work should be done to elucidate strategies for increasing student comfort with providing clinical care for minority patients like the LGBTQ community and other vulnerable populations.
Danielle Thanh Receives Platinum Level Recognition
When it comes to successful grassroots advocacy, Touro University California Pharmacy student Danielle Mae Thanh is motivated to take action.
Her efforts to create change were recognized this month by The California Society of Health Systems Pharmacists (CSHP), when they proudly announced seven recipients for the 2016 Grassroot Advocates Recognition, listing Danielle on the Platinum Level – the highest recognition of the annual award.
Her activities for receiving grassroots recognition highlighted five key areas completed by Danielle:
- Donated $100 or more to the PPC-PAC and/or attended the PPC-PAC Reception;
- Met with her elected official in her home district;
- Wrote a letter to the legislature and/or the California Board of Pharmacy;
- Attended CSHP Legislative Day; and
- Hosted an elected official for a site visit in her practice setting.
Founded in 1962, the California Society of Health-System Pharmacists (CSHP) is a non-profit professional association established to serve the needs of hospital and health-system pharmacists. Representing over 4,000 members who practice clinical pharmacy and specialized medicine, CSHP is the largest state association for pharmacists. CSHP members share a common mission – to promote wellness, patient safety and the optimal use of medication.
Touro University California congratulates Danielle on this wonderful achievement!
Identical twins are rare enough but it's even rarer when a school has two sets of them enrolled at the same time and in the same program. Such a phenomenon is occurring now at TUC. Their stories are compelling and an indication of how the twins strengthen one another as they also work to distinguish themselves as individuals in their own right. Read More
Touro's 2016-2017 Student Government Association
The vision of Touro University California’s Student Government Association 2016-2017 is to foster camaraderie between the different colleges as well as to bridge the gap between students, faculty, and administration. Together the executive officers share a single mission: to bring together our students and provide an atmosphere conducive to creating exemplary health professionals. Read More
TUC Goes Red
February is American Heart Month and TUC will shows its support for "National Wear Red Day for Heart Disease" on Thursday, February 18. Read More
Touro's 2015 Student Doctor of the Year: Elaine Ho
Touro University California (TUC) is excited to announce that Student Doctor Elaine Ho, DO, Class of 2016, has been announced as Touro's 2015 Student Doctor of the Year!
"Throughout her career at Touro University California, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Elaine has demonstrated commitment to osteopathic medicine and the embodiment of the DO philosophy," Student Doctor Matea Orlovic at TUC said, who is also the Chair of the Student of the Year Selection Committee. "As a result she became our unanimous choice for Student Doctor of the Year on campus. Read More
Meet Golnoush Golshan, 2018 Doctor of Pharmacy Candidate
Golnoush Golshan, a vivacious and engaging Doctor of Pharmacy Candidate at Touro, 2018, realized her passion for pharmacy while working in a research laboratory, where she spent significant time with various drugs that inhibited or activated specific molecular pathways.
"This sparked my interest in medicine and how they can be used to treat specific disease states in patients,” she admitted. “At the same time, I wanted a career that allowed me to work closely with patients and this is what led me into pharmacy." Read More
Touro University California students are dynamic, engaged, and committed to applying their knowledge in the real world. Given the array of interests they each hold, TUC students share a passion for learning, caring, and serving.
A passionate determination to educate pre-med students about osteopathic medicine has taken Courtney Stallings, a fourth year student at Touro University California’s College of Osteopathic Medicine, from New York to California.
On December 17, 2014, hundreds of pre-med students gathered in various locations throughout the country for National Osteopathic Night Out, a casual meet-and-greet event catered for pre-medical students to learn about osteopathic medical school, the application process, and what it takes to be an osteopathic physician.
It was a one-day event, presented by osteopathic medical students, and remotely organized by an enthusiastic Stallings.
"We had 93 student volunteers from 24 medical schools, and more than 350 attendees in 25 states," she said about the National Osteopathic Night Out event.
The concept was created by the 5C Happy Hour (Claremont Colleges), which is presented to alumni students and provides a platform of conversation between current and prospective osteopathic students.
"I wanted to provide pre-med students with opportunities that I didn't have when I started my search for medical schools," the Scripps College alum said. "I also want to increase osteopathic awareness among the pre-med community."
Courtney, who is on rotations and traveling across the country, worked with the Students Osteopathic Medical Association (SOMA), the National Pre-SOMA, and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine to bring this national event to fruition. And no doubt, there are more to follow.
"I'm thinking about repeating this again in the future," Stallings said, who also hosted an event in Phoenix. "There were a number of places (across the country) that we were unable to get to this time around."
On Wednesday, December 17th, from 11:30 A.M. – 1:00 P.M. Touro University will hold its annual Chanukah Celebration and Menorah Lighting in the Lander Hall Gym. This event sponsored by our campus Rabbi Elchonon Tenenbaum is open to the entire campus community and features a live Jewish Blues performance by Saul Kaye. Saul’s music is a natural marriage of Jewish history, characters and liturgy with the Blues.
Refreshments of Sufganiyot (Jelly Doughnuts), Latkes, Chanukah Chocolate Coins, Coffee and Tea will be provided.
Student Research Takes Stage at OMED
During the 16th Bureau of International Osteopathic Medicine Seminar (BIOM), which held its 16th Annual International Seminar and Poster Session, “Osteopathic Medicine: Globally Integrated Education and Implementation,” on Saturday, October 25th during OMED 2014 in Seattle, myriad students competed during this challenging and thought-provoking competition. The focus was on the international medical experiences of osteopathic students and physicians. Read More
Touro University California had another successful Club Day on Wednesday, August 27, 2014. This annual event provided students with an opportunity to discover and join various groups on campus. Hundreds of students participated in the event with food, beverages, music and a scavenger hunt.
Congratulations to TUC's Pharmacy students for winning national award with their "Script Your Future Video."
Keeping with Touro's mission to serve, to lead, and to teach, students from the College of Pharmacy, College of Osteopathic Medicine, and the Public Health Program, compiled a video to promote medication adherence. The genesis for this idea stemmed from an annual campaign that educates the community on the importance of medication adherence to reduce poor health outcomes.
Touro students filmed their work of distributing prescription wallet reminder cards, blood pressure logs, blood glucose logs, and brochures to IPPE sites, APPE sites, preceptors’ clinics, physician offices, homeless clinics, community health fairs, and at TUC’s Student-Run Free Clinic.
Ultimately, this 2:20 minute video documented their reach of interacting with nearly 2,700 patients through partnerships with local community organizations at community events. The group of students also emphasized outreach to underserved populations by distributing campaign materials in Vietnamese, held health screenings at local women’s and men’s homeless shelters, and worked with the Student-Run Clinic to conduct medication reviews and physical exams.
The results: Touro University California’s College of Pharmacy garnered the National Target Market Challenge Award in the Third Annual Script Your Future contest, which saw participation by 2,200 future health care professionals and reached more than 6 million consumers nationwide.
TUC will be featured in an upcoming Google+ Hangout "Best Practice in Med Adherence" Google+Hangout on Thursday, August 7th, at 9 a.m. To learn about best practices in community medication adherence campaigns across the U.S.
To Join the Google+ Hangout: https://plus.google.com/u/0/events/c3pvfjm6l9vdmc1c48185o6scic
TUC College of Pharmacy (COP) students ROCK! Several of our COP students were National
Winners this past weekend at the SNPhA Conference in Arlington, VA. They are:
Walmart SNPhA/Sam's Club Prescription for Service Award (National Winners - $10,000 Scholarship): Jackie Ho, Annie Tran, Dennis Kim, Emily Chee, and Terry Pang
Walmart SNPhA/Sam's Club NPHA Future Leaders Scholarship (National Winners - $10,000 Scholarship): Ken Mak
Book Award: Jasmine Reber
Poster Presentation Award: Jasmine Reber and Jackie Ho
SNPhA Clinical Skills Competitors: Jackie Ho, Megan Pokorney, Ashley Butler, and Aleyna Fong
CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL!
On Monday, April 7, 2014 Touro University California hosted a meeting and special dinner honoring the outgoing and incoming SGA Board members. The event was attended by Touro CEO & Senior Provost Shelley Berkley, COO & Provost Dr. Marilyn Hopkins, Dean of the College of Osteopathic Medicine Dr. Michael Clearfield, Dean of Student Services Lisa Waits, Assoc. Dean for Student Services Dr. James Binkerd, Director of Student Activities Dr. Irene Favreau, and Rabbi Elchonon Tenenbaum. View photos from the dinner on facebook.
Cultural Club Serves the Community
The Filipino American Medical Society (FAMS) was one of the very first cultural clubs at Touro University California to hold free healthcare events in the community. Recently, FAMS had their annual event at Seafood City Vallejo and served over 80 patients in Blood Pressure Screening, Medication Therapy Management and/or Osteopathic Manipulation.
It was a great interprofessional collaboration in which FAMS members applied practical skills in their respective disciplines, but more importantly, FAMS members were able to give back to the community.
FAMS plans to continue this tradition each year! View a picture of the event on the TUC Facebook.
Zubin Sedghi, a second-year student at Touro University California COM (TUCOM), decided to take on a challenge given by the Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons of California (OPSC) to create a video that educates the public about Osteopathic medicine and its profession. His use of metaphorical visuals garnered him first place!
“As Osteopathic physicians, one of the biggest challenges we face is public relations. It is also where we have the opportunity to make the most progress; we need to inform the public about what we believe in and how we practice medicine,” Sedghi said. “The tenets of our profession encourage optimization of natural mechanisms, to help our physiology and psychology work to heal itself. In many ways, our approach is organic and nature based. I decided to work with that theme.”
Student doctors at both TUCOM and Western University took on this challenge as part of a strategy to increase student participation in the OPSC club. The winner was selected by two criteria--social media likes (on Facebook, YouTube, Twitter etc.) and voting by an OPSC panel. The OPSC intends to make this a yearly contest.
Using a simple iPhone to capture the video, Sedghi took first place and thanks Dr. Wagner of TUC for helping to reinstate the OPSC club. He also thanks Dr. Wagner and Ms. Kathleen Creason for their support and motivation.
The National Consumers League is a private non-profit organization that .advocates consumer safety. “Script Your Future” is an annual campaign educating the community on the importance of medication adherence to reduce poor health outcomes.
Students are provided with prescription wallet reminder cards, blood pressure logs, blood glucose logs, and brochures to distribute among patients. Students from all pharmacy organizations have collaborated and distributed these materials at IPPE sites, APPE sites, preceptors’ clinics, physician offices, homeless clinics, community health fairs, and at Touro University California’s Student-Run Free Clinic. As the substantial population increases its medication use, pharmacy students have promoted medication adherence both in and outside the health care setting.
The pharmacy program has compiled its outreach efforts while working interprofessionally with other students in the program and has compiled this video to promote medication adherence.
Note: Credit for Video – Benjamin Yu, 1st Year Pharmacy Student
Hidden behind wooden panels and nestled by the steps leading to Farragut Inn, a secluded campus garden breathes life into an array of vegetables recently planted by the Touro University California’s (TUC) Nutrition Club.
“This is really an important part of a greater movement to get people back in touch with the food they eat and the community they live,” said Travis Israel, second-year student at TUC’s College of Osteopathic Medicine. “Understanding how important it is for people to have exposure to the process of growing food, we decided to bring that experience to Touro.”
The Nutrition Club floated the idea of starting a campus garden early in the 2013-2014 school year once they realized the space on campus was available. Equipped with members who had experience in working with farm to cafeteria programs, the Club moved forward and started their first work day at the end of last semester.
Currently, the Club has a volunteer base of about 30 students along with some key administrative contributors, such as Jane Bogner of Food Services, Jay Ritchie of Facilities, and Rabbi Elchonon Tenenbaum, to name a few.
After pulling weeds and developing infrastructure, the group planted their first round of vegetables and expect to see the growth of Swiss Chard, Butter Lettuce, Green Onions, Garlic, Peppermint, Dill, Echinacea, and a Pomegranate tree in the near future.
“We want this garden to provide an environment for students, faculty, and staff to learn and teach one another about healthy food and medicinal plants,” Israel said. “Some of the food produced in the garden will be used by the kitchen to make special meals for the café.”
Ideally, the garden space will foster TUC’s Interprofessional community and promote wellness on multiple levels, he added.
The garden area is home to 10-4x8 foot beds, various pots, composting bins, and a leisure area with a table and chairs.
“This is a good thing for the University,” Israel said. “I hope the next group of students see this and keep moving the project forward.”
After a competitive and challenging competition, four students from TUC’s Pharmacy Program won the 3rd Annual AMCP Pharmacy and Therapeutics (P&T) Competition 2014. Students Thuy Vo, Bernice Wright, Olga Shimunova, and Jackie Ho, all third-year pharmacy students, will now submit their materials for the AMCP P&T National Competition held in Tampa Bay, Fla., in April.
The TUC AMCP chapter hosts a local P&T Competition each year. The winning local team has the opportunity to submit materials for consideration in the national competition held at the AMCP Annual Meeting & Showcase.
This P&T Competition exposes pharmacy students to the inner workings of a P&T Committee; improves managed care pharmacy awareness; enhances drug information, critical thinking and presentation skills; provides “real world” experience and; offers a unique opportunity to pharmacy students.
The local and national competition allows students to view different styles and processes that can be used in effective formulary management and provide exposure to, and a working knowledge of AMCP’s Format for Formulary Submissions.
AMCP Judges included Dr. Vinson Lee (Amgen, Inc.), Dr. Rodney Gedey (Healthnet), Dr. Douglas Hillblom (Optum Rx), and Dr. Adrian Wong (Touro University, CA).
View photographs of the event on the TUC facebook.
The Filipino American Medical Society (FAMS) recently conducted a fundraiser for the people of the Philippines. The Philippines suffered two major calamities within a short period of time. They first experienced a 7.2 earthquake followed by a super typhoon. Many victims were left without homes, with no access to water/food and medical needs. Areas were left completely destroyed and some places inhabitable.
This hit home for a FAMS board member, who comes from the island where the epicenter of the earthquake hit.
As a result, six board members held a campus-wide raffle and sold tickets for two weeks. Showing the spirit of giving during this trying time, students and faculty donated prizes. And when FAMS held a table outside of the Touro Idol contest, parents/family/friends of students purchased tickets.
Ultimately, FAMS raised just shy of $1,000, which will be donated to the nonprofit organization national Alliance for Filipino Concerns (NAFCON). NAFCON will directly send the donations to their partners in the Philippines, the Bayanihan Alay sa Sambayanan, or BALSA (People’s Cooperation for the People), a national grassroots relief and rehabilitation organization composed of broad church-based organizations, schools, disaster response NGOs, and individuals, working with victims of disasters in the Philippines.
Due to recent events in the Philippines, Sigma Sigma Phi is collecting donated items in the Lander Hall Lobby every day at lunch from 11/18/13-11/25/13. These items will be brought to the Philippines on November 30 with boxes full of typhoon disaster relief goods to the Philippine Red Cross.
- Non-Perishable Food: PULL TOP canned vegetables, fruits etc.; ready to eat dry goods such as nuts, peanut butter, dried fruits, granola and trail mixes, jerkies, ready to eat snacks; ready- to-eat meals or MREs etc.
- Personal Care Products: Antibacterial soap, hand sanitizer, toothpaste, toothbrushes, shampoo, body wash, deodorant, lotion etc.
- Cleaning supplies: powdered laundry detergents, general cleaner (dry), sponges, bleach (powdered form), mops, scrub brushes, buckets, rubber gloves etc.
- Paper products: Toilet paper, paper towels etc.
- Baby and infant supplies: Diapers, wipes, diaper rash ointment, baby wash, baby shampoo, baby lotion etc.
- First-Aid items: Bandages, gauze, pads, first aid tape, antiseptic creams, hydrogen peroxide, alcohol, latex gloves, instant cold packs etc.
The Filipino American Medical Society (FAMS) is also holding a raffle ticket fundraiser to help the victims. All proceeds will be donated through the National Alliance for Filipino Concerns (NAFCON).
Tickets are $2 each; three tickets for $5; seven tickets for $10. Prizes include Starbucks gift cards, a pair of Regal Cinema movie tickets, TUC sweater (donated by COP 2016), TUC mug (donated by APhA), dinner for two in Napa or San Francisco, and an iPad mini case (donated by Jasmine Reber, COP 2016).
Tickets on sale through November 27th and will be sold outside the Auditorium during Touro Idol. Drawing will be on December 2, 2013.
Time to Experience Chanukah at Touro University California
Rabbi Elchonon Tenenbaum is taking the Chanukah celebration to new heights at Touro University California with a special presentation of Ari Lesser, singer, songwriter, rapper and spoken work artist from Cleveland, Ohio! Read More
Congratulations to Touro University College of Pharmacy (COP) 4th-year students Parul Singh and Amarachi Uzosike for winning the 2013 California Society of Health-System Pharmacy (CSHP) Seminar Clinical Skills Competition held in Disneyland Hotel, Anaheim on November 2-3, 2013! Eight Pharmacy schools competed for the title, including UCSF, UCSD, University of the Pacific, Loma Linda, Western, USC, and Cal Northstate, where students were tested on written and oral skills for two days. Parul Singh and Amarachi Uzosike will be competing at the national ASHP Midyear Meeting in Orlando, Florida in December. This is the 3rd time in six years that Touro has taken home the state championship in the Clinical Skills Competition! Congratulations for making Touro so proud!
More than 30 TUC campus organizations were represented at Touro’s annual Club Day, which provided students with an opportunity to join various groups of interests and become new members. An array of tables speckled the Grove area where more than 500 students were presented with food, beverages, music, games, and fun. See photos from the event on the Touro University California Facebook Page.
On Thursday, August 8th 2013, the TUC Student Government Association held its first fun event of the year with a Mini Color Relay for Life. This event, which raised more than $600 towards the American Cancer Society, was a chance to meet new students, win prizes and eat great food. See photos from the event on the Touro University California Facebook page or learn more in an article published in the Vallejo Times Herald.
Pharmacy wins Community Outreach Award
Congratulations to COP, whose students garnered the “Script Your Future Team Challenge’s Health Disparities, Under-represented Community Outreach Award.” This motivated group has been recognized among peers from across the U.S. for targeting underserved populations in outreach efforts, including uninsured Hispanic, African American, and South and Southeast Asian populations. Read the press release.
TUC's 13th Commencement Ceremony
On Sunday, June 2nd Touro University California held it's 13th Commencement Ceremony. 462 degree candidates received their diplomas at the Masonic Auditorium in San Francisco. This is Touro's largest graduating class. Visit facebook for photos of this momentous occasion.
College of Osteopathic Medicine Pinning Ceremony
The College of Osteopathic Medicine hosted the “Class of 2015 Pinning Ceremony” on May 10th inside Lander Hall Auditorium. More than 100 family members and friends attended the ceremony. The event included recognition to Drs. Catherine West, Janet M. Burns, and Athena W. Lin, who were selected by the students as Teachers of the Year. Additionally, the Student of the Year award was presented to Kira Bendixen, OMSIII. Congratulations to all four! The event ended with a memorial to COM student Zach Hauser, with students and faculty performing a touching rendition of “Sweet Home Alabama.” Visit our facebook page for photos.
Students enjoy Holi Festival
TUC Students enjoy Holi, a festival of color and celebration of spring on April 25th at the Grove on campus. Students celebrated with water balloons, water slides, and music! Click here to visit Facebook for photos of the festival.
Dinner for Outgoing and Incoming SGA Students
On Thursday, April 11, 2013 Dr. Marilyn Hopkins hosted a special dinner honoring the outgoing and incoming SGA Board members. Visit facebook for photographs of this annual event.
A Dream To Save Lives
Saving lives is a dream for TUC graduate Mike Wells. The inception for this vision stemmed years ago, when he worked with his uncle – a paramedic – during ambulance runs. He was fascinated by the “interventions that would have a direct impact on patient lives.” To read more, click here.
Applauding Our Graduates
New beginnings were launched on Sunday at the Masonic Auditorium in San Francisco as Touro University California recognized the graduating class of 2012, representing students from the Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, Pharmacy, and Education and Health Sciences. To read more, click here.
Continuing a Legacy
Christy Murphy is a recent Gates Millennium Scholars recipient and enrolled in Touro’s Master of Public Health Program. Read about her journey to Touro University California here.
Motivation Creates Change
Change begins with a teacher. This is the belief that carries Celeste Westbay forward, a Touro University California Multiple Subject candidate who is determined to make a difference in her student’s lives. To read more, click here.
Blending Music and Medicine
For Jennifer Allison Tran, second year osteopathic medicine student at Touro University California, a red balloon helped her crusade take flight. To read about the Red Balloon project, click here.
Proud to Serve
Serving our country is a goal for College of Pharmacy student Stella Lee, which is why Touro University California was a perfect fit for her to be commissioned into the U.S. Air Force. To read more, click here.
PA Director Receives Distinguished Alumna
Grace P. Landel, Program Director of Touro University California’s Joint MSPAS/MPH Program, is this years recipient of the Baylor College of Medicine Distinguished Alumnus Award, School of Allied Health Sciences. To read more, click here.
The Power of Discovery
There is a love for research embedded within Rung-chi Li, a the third-year Osteopathic Medical Student at Touro University California (TUC), College of Medicine. In fact, it stems with an admiration for life. To read more, click here.
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